Breast cancer – is a disease in the result of which a cancerous tumor is formed from the mutated cells of the breast. According to statistics, among all malignancies in women breast cancer is the most common. Over the years, the incidence of breast cancer is growing. In Russia, it has increased by 34% in women from 19 to 39 years old over a ten-year period from 2002 to 2012.
According to the WHO, in 2015 2.8 million women in the U.S. have cancer history. The expected death rate for the breast cancer in 2015 is 40,290 American women. Every year in Russia breast cancer is diagnosed in 54 thousands of women. 60% of them manage to overcome the disease, but in 40% of cases – and this is about 22 thousand women – it leads to death. But preventive measures and regular diagnosis can change these parameters for the better, as the statistics shows.
The symbol of the fight against breast cancer is a pink ribbon. Thanks to Evelyn Lauder, a former vice president of Estee Lauder, and journalist Alexandra Penney. On their initiative in 1992 the ribbon first handed out as a reminder of the dangerous disease in New York brand stores, and then in boutiques across the country. But they chose the color not at once – it became pink later.
Also Since 1992 the corporation Estee Lauder campaigns against breast cancer every year. Its mission is to spread information about the disease and raise funds for it’s study and the search for new therapies. Now the face of the campaign, by the way, is the actress Elizabeth Hurley (Elizabeth Hurley).
In USA, almost 20% of cases of breast cancer is detected in later stages. This is due to the peculiarities of the disease. When it is just beginning to develop and the tumor grows up to 1-2 cm, it is not reflected on the state of a woman’s health, the danger may remain unnoticed. In addition, not all women understand the need to undergo regular inspection, and it also becomes the reason that cancer is detected later. Though this 98% – is the proportion of women diagnosed with breast cancer who recover, if they detect a disease in the early stages.
In the 1990s, some doctors say that abortions increase the likelihood of getting breast cancer. But scientists have studied the life of thousands women and found that the chances are equal for all women.
There is no evidence, that the breast cancer is caused by the radiation from cell phones or breast implants. The latter, however, make it difficult to diagnose the disease. Many women with breast cancer associate the tumor with an injury. Scientists, in turn, have not found such a link.
There are different methods of diagnosis of breast cancer:
- Mammography (breast X-ray examination, which is carried out quickly and provides accurate results)
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging – a kind of “scanning” tissue, receiving a digital image using magnetic fields)
- Biopsy (taking cell material, which is needed in order to determine whether the tumor cells are cancerous)
Although advances in medicine provide many opportunities for women to monitor their health, visiting specialists, 70% of women find the disease by themselves. Therefore it is important to be attentive to your well-being.
Gynecologists and oncologists advise all women, regardless of heredity, to give birth early and breastfeed. Early menstruation, on the contrary, increases the likelihood of the disease, as the breasts are much longer under the action of hormones that stimulate cells division. The more divisions, the greater is the probability of breaks in the DNA, which can lead to cancer.
To detect the disease as early as possible means to have a chance of a successful recovery. If you notice the warning signs, and neglect them, the consequences could be irreparable. The tumor is growing rapidly, and in later stages may even “grow” in the skin, muscles or chest, and cancer cells begin to spread throughout the body.
Most men do not know that breast cancer threatens them. This disease is rare for them – less than 1 percent of cases but cancer is more aggressive. In addition, men are rarely concerned, even if they find abnormalities in the breast. The main risk factors of breast cancer are the cases of breast cancer in the family history, high-dose radiation exposure, obesity, liver disease and alcoholism.
40 years old is the age when a woman, regardless of her health state should visit a doctor at least once a year.
Among those who beat breast cancer, there are celebrities that can be examples for women who struggle with the disease. Among them are: Sheryl Crow, Anastacia, Kylie Minogue and others.
In 2013, the actress Angelina Jolie has attracted attention to the problem of breast cancer. She told to the world that decided to go through mastectomy (removal of the breast), to reduce the risk of cancer to a minimum. This operation is really carried out as a preventive measure, even if there is no tumor. But not all women agree that it is necessary to remove the breasts, if there is only a risk, not a disease. But the decision is up to the woman in every individual case.